Tacloban City, the capital of the province of Leyte, is accessible through air, sea, and various land modes of transportation.
The Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport, also called DZR or Tacloban Domestic Airport, is an airport that serves the general area of Tacloban City. The Air Transportation Office (ATO) has classified it as a trunk line airport. ATO is the government body responsible for the operations of the airports in the country with the exception of the main international airports.
According to the 2007 statistics of the Air Transportation Office, the DZR Airport is the seventh busiest airport in the country outside Metro Manila as far as volume of passengers is concerned.
The airport got its name from Daniel Z. Romualdez, a former House speaker and uncle of former first lady Imelda Marcos.
Marine transportation in the city of Tacloban and the entire Eastern Visayas has suffered badly since the 1987 M/V Dona Paz tragedy. Tacloban City is the sea transportation hub of Region VIII. Over 4,000 crew and passengers of the ill-fated ship died because of drowning.
A year later, M/V Marilyn sank near Camotes Island resulting to the death of 250 people.
According to Winfred Elizalde, Ports Manager of the Philippine Ports Authority (PPA) in Tacloban, these two tragedies have resulted to the loss of confidence in sea transportation by passengers as the amount of passengers in Manila and other big cities significantly dropped.
Due to these twin tragedies, shipping lines decided to move their operations to other viable routes in the Philippines. According to Elizalde, the Tacloban sea port has been losing passengers since 1995 and traveling by sea was no longer rewarding.
Over the years, there are indications that sea transportation in Tacloban is picking up as shown by the significant increase in the amount of passengers in Tacloban City Port.
Tacloban City is lacking in public utility vehicles (PUVs). The mode of transportation within the city is either by jeepney or tricycle. The minimum fare for jeepney and tricycle is P8/per person and P5/person, respectively.
When planning a sight-seeing trip, the best option is to lease a vehicle. The cost of car rentals for a tour around the city is approximately P700 for the first couple of hours and P300 for succeeding hours thereafter.
Another option when sight seeing is to contract a trike driver who will be willing to drive tourists to 5-6 sites. For a cost of P100, the trike driver may even accompany tourists to souvenir shops.
One of the means of transportation that is gaining ground in Tacloban City is a vehicle known as the Spider. Operated by a 660cc Daihatsu engine, this multi-transport hybrid can accommodate up to eight passengers. At P10 per person with an additional P5 for every succeeding kilometer, this vehicle provides the amenities and services of a taxi.
According to Benjamin Pesons, Area Sales Manager for Eastern Visayas for Norkis, the Spider is recognized as the taxi for the masses. The cheap fare of P10 provides passengers with the benefits of door-to-door service.
Norkis has collaborated with JEGA Corp., which in turn has applied for a franchise with the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB) to initiate the operation of twenty Spider taxis in Leytes Capital.
The Spider taxi will likewise be offered to other vehicle operators. The principal mode of transportation in Tacloban City remains to be the tricycle.
Outside Taclobans business district, the principal means of transportation is the multicab, a mini passenger jeepney assembled by Norkis from used engines and parts from Japan.
Going in and around Tacloban City becomes convenient with these modes of transportation.